En el octavo programa de Avance Deportivo in English, incluido en el programa de radio de Avance Deportivo, os hablamos sobre natación.
Hello I’m Joshua, I’m an English teacher at NEP English school and this is Avance deportivo in English. Today I’m going to talk about swimming. As most people know swimming is a great form of exercise and a very popular sport.
Swimming has been part of the Olympics since 1896 and is one of the most watched Olympic events. Olympic swimming is also one of the oldest Olympic events. The very first Olympic swimming events were the front crawl or freestyle and breaststroke. Backstroke was added in 1904. Women’s swimming became Olympic event in 1912 at the Stockholm Games. Since then, it has been part of every edition of the Olympic Games. The men’s and women’s programmes are almost identical, as they contain the same number of events, with only one difference: the freestyle distance is 800 metres for women and 1,500 metres for men.
In the 1940s, breaststrokers discovered that they could go faster by bringing both arms forward over their heads. This practice was immediately forbidden in breaststroke, but gave birth to the butterfly, a new stroke whose first official appearance was at the 1956 Games in Melbourne. This style is now one of the four strokes used in the competition. The other three are breaststroke, backstroke and freestyle or frontcrawl. There are seperate races for each stroke exept for the freestyle races where swimmers can use any stroke they chose. However they usually choose the front crawl because it’s the fastest stroke.
The popularity of swimming increased significantly due to the success of Michael Phelps. Phelp’s success raised the profile of swimming worldwide. Michael Phelps has set the record for winning the most medals of any Olympic athlete in history. Michael Phelps competed in his first Olympics at the age of 15, as part of the U.S. men’s swimming team. He went on to win medals at the Olympic Games in Athens, Beijing and London, accumulating a total of 22 medals—18 gold, two silver and two bronze. Phelps announced his retirement in 2012, however, in April 2014, he announced he was coming out of retirement and would return to professional competition at the age of 28. There has been a lot of speculation about whether Michael Phelps will compeate in Rio 2016 and I’m sure millions of people around the world are hoping that he does are hoping that he does.
Now I’m going to explain some vocabulary
– Stroke: In swimming a stroke is a particular method of using your arms and legs to swim.
– Backstroke: Backstroke is a stroke in which the swimmer is on his or her back kicking their feet and rotating the arms alternately backward.
– Breast stroke: This is stroke in which the swimmer lays chest down in the water and both hands move simultaneously forward, outward and inwards from in front of their chest and the legs move outwards and inwards.