En el séptimo programa de Avance Deportivo in English, incluido en el programa de radio de Avance Deportivo, os hablamos sobre artes marciales.
Hello I’m Joshua, I’m an English teacher at Nep English academy in Malaga and this is Avance deportivo in english. Today I’m going to be talking about two Martial Arts that have been Olympic sports for many years. Although there are various different Martial arts, Judo and Taekwondo as well as boxing, wrestling and fencing, are the only martial arts included in the Olympics.
Judo is derived from Jujutsu. It was created by Professor Jigoro Kanowho was born in Japan. The name Judo was chosen because it means the «gentle way». Judo is many things to different people. It is a fun sport, a martial art and a style of self-defense or combat. Judo focusses on the flexible or efficient use of balance, leverage, and movement to perform throws and other skills. The use of skill, technique and timing, rather than the use of brute strength is very important in Judo. Judo focuses on using an opponent’s force and energy against them.
In 1964 at the first Olympic Judo event in Tokyo there were 74 participants from 27 countries. By 1992 in Barcelona the Judo competition had grown to 437 participants from 93 countries. The Olympic weight classes have increased in number over the years.
In Judo competition the objective is to score an ippon, which means one full point. This can be can be achieved in various ways such by throwing your opponant down forcefully or pinning them down for 25 seconds. Contestants can also score a waza-ari which means a half point or a Yuko which is less than a waza-ari. If neither contestant has an ippon then the one with the highest score wins.
Taekwondo is a Korean martal art, the name is often translated as: the way of fists and feet. The name Taekwondo, however, has only been used since 1955 while the arts’ roots began 2,300 years ago in Korea. Unlike judo which focusses on throwing or pinning your opponent down Taekwando is characterized by it’s fast, high kicks and spinning kicks. In competitions athletes wear protective equipment such as head gear and groin guards. Taekwondo made its Olympic debut as a demonstration Olympic sport at the 1988 Seoul Games and became an official medal sport at the 2000 Sydney Games.
In a Taekwondo competition the aim is to land accurate kicks and punches on the scoring area of their opponent. A kick or punch to your opponent’s torso scores one point, an additional point is awarded if the attacker has his back to his opponent at the point of contact – so spinning kicks score two points. Punches to the head are illegal, but kicks score three points.
Considering the growing popularity of these martial arts these are definitely two sports to look out out for in Rio 2016.
Now I’m going to explain some vocabulary:
– Martial Arts: A Martial Art is an activity that teaches self defence and combat usually without weapons such as Karate, kung fu and Judo.
– Groin guards: A grown guard is plastic guard which is worn in certain sports to protect your groin.
– Weight class: Combat sports such as boxing and Judo divide competitors into different weight classes so that their opponents will not have a weight advantage. Therefore your weight class depends on how much you weigh..
That’s all for this week, join me next week for another Avance Deportivo in English. Bye.