Do you want to know the names of the muscles in English? Well look no further…
First of all, let’s learn the names of the major muscles in the leg. The largest are the gluteals, which are usually called the glutes, are located in the buttocks. They are closely followed in size by the quadriceps, usually called quads, which lie along the front of the thigh and join the hip bone to the knee. The hamstrings also join the hip bone to the knee but lie along the back of the thigh. The last major muscle in the leg is the calf muscle (yes, it does have the same name as a baby cow!) which starts at the back of the knee and goes down towards the ankle.
Secondly, let’s learn the major muscles in the upper body. The largest is the latissimus dorsi, usually called the lats, which covers most of the back. The second largest are the pectorals, usually called the pecs, which cover the chest. Underneath the pecs you find the abdominals, which are normally shortened to abs, stretching from the bottom of the chest down towards the legs.
Now we move onto the smaller muscles. The one at the side and back of the neck is called the trapezius, normally shortened to the traps, and the shoulder muscle is the deltoid (or delts for short). The front of the arm has the bicep and the back of the arm has the tricep. These are the same name in Spanish but the pronunciation is difference. The ‘bi’ in bicep is pronounced like ‘bye’ from goodbye and the ‘tri’ in tricep is pronounced like the verb ‘try’.
Lastly, here are some useful colloquial terms on the topic of muscles.
- to have a 6-pack = to have defined abdominals
- to be ripped = to have trained a lot in a gym and have defined muscles
- guns = biceps